With exception of language courses, optional courses are to comprise an in-depth study or amplification of certain teaching items in two or more subjects. They can be given a heavy practical focus by being based, for example, on teaching items from handicraft, technology and domestic science. They can deal with environmental questions (technology, biology, geography, civics) or health care (domestic science, sport, biology, chemistry). Typing can be combined with other technical and practical everyday skills. Housing and environmental studies (domestic science, history, technology, handicraft) and free creativity (Portuguese, pictorial studies, music) are other examples of possible combinations.
Project studies are in-depth assignments chosen by teachers and pupils within the framework of the compulsory subjects. Time must be made available for this purpose, the standard allocation at senior level.
The work unit conference must suggest how the time allotted for project studies should be distributed between different subjects or groups of subjects. These proposals should be made in time for the school management to be able to act on them when planning the timetable. If it is already decided during the spring preceding the school year in question how the time allotted for project studies is to be deployed, it should be possible for the timetable to be adapted to plans for project studies. In this case there should be no difficulty involved in devoting long, continuous periods to project studies. If, during the time allotted for project studies, periodic studies are pursued and work is confined to certain weeks during the school year, this will give pupils further opportunities of engaging in more extensive tasks.